Definition of HTML
It is a computer language used on the internet. It is used in order to create web pages. The acronym stands for HyperText Markup Language. This designation is aptly named since this language allows us to produce hypertext based on a markup structure.
It is a language that allows you to format content.
Defining a tag in HTML
HTML is based on simple and rigid syntax, and its basic unit is called a tag. Tags always come in pairs, the first to open the element, the second to close it. They are always built in the same way:
- Chevron <: open tag
- Element name: The name of the element contained in the tag
- An attribute: in order to qualify the element.
- Chevron >: to close the tag
- The tag that works for the opening contains the element name and attribute.
- The tag that works for closing ends the item.
Create an HTML file
It is not essential to have computer skills or training or equipment to create an HTML file, and here is the steps to follow:
- First, open an appropriate text editor: in Microsoft, Notepad, TextEdit, or any free data processing software like Notepad + …
- Then save the file in .html format in a particular folder
- And finally open the file by double clicking the file.
The different versions of HTML
The HTML language was developed by Tim Berners-Lee from 1989, while from 1993 one considers the state of HTML sufficiently advanced to speak of language
- RFC 1866, as first version: HTML 2.0.
- HTML 3: 1997 HTML 3.2
- HTML 4: 1997 HTML 4.0 / 1999: HTML 4.01
- HTML 5: 2012 HTML 5.0
- Version 5.0 defines two DOM syntaxes: HTML5 and XHTML5.